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四级浏览逐题精讲10

2019/11/10 来源:毕节汽车网

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注:本版块只针对四级同学,仔细浏览是四级考试的重点所在,要想仔细浏览取得高分,词汇量与技能缺一不可,我们对4级浏览常见的题型进行归纳,对相干

四级浏览逐题精讲10

注:本版块只针对四级同学,仔细浏览是四级考试的重点所在,要想仔细浏览取得高分,词汇量与技能缺一不可,我们对4级浏览常见的题型进行归纳,对相干技巧进行总结,以每天讲解一道题,训练一道题,来逐步提高诸位同学对于四级浏览中常见套路的把控。

今日题型(代词推理题):

Both those who received the training and those who watched the DVDS were tested on short-term memory brain processingspeed and the ability to hear speech in noisy settings. All of the participants showed improvement in these measures but for the first time the scientists also documented that the sharper hearing was accompanied by earliersignaling in the brainstem. EEG electrodes on the head picked up this activity which was related to how quickly the brain was distinguishing between sounds such as language vs. background chatter. As the authors write intheir paper the training not only improved the ability todecipher(辨认) speech in noisy situations,it also sped up the brain's ability to respond to it-bringing it to more “youthful\ levels.

What does “these measures”mean in paragraph 5?

A)Receiving the training and watching educational DVDs

B)Hearing speech in noisy settings and collecting data

C)Speeding up the brain’s ability and selecting data

D)Showing improvement and documenting data

答案解析:

解析:本题错的有点惨,大部分的同学都选了C,但是正确答案为A选项,本题属于“代词推理”,细节题的一种,对这类题,前面见到过一次,选错的同学,一定要耐心的看解析。(本题有点“坑”,选错不怪大家)

首先,题干问的很清晰,关于“these measures”代指的含义,对于这类题,之前说过,答案一般在改词出现的前一句寻找。

因此,定位句“Both those who received the training and those who watched the DVDS were tested on short-termmemory brain processing speed and the ability to hear speech in noisy settings.All of the participants showed improvement in these measures”相信诸位同学,定位句应当没有问题。

首先,分析“All of the participants showed improvement in these measures”这句话,“in these measures”“这些措施”,“showed improvement”“明显改良”,本句话的含义就是“经过这些措施之后所有的参与者都有所改良”。

下面就往前面找“这些措施”究竟是什么,这里有两个很关键的辞汇“who received”其中“who”其实就是下文“participants”,而“received”“接受”,后面跟的自然就是“接受的内容”,也就是“the training”和“watched the DVDS”,这里有一个坑,属于我们忽视,在原文一开始出现的是“educational DVDs”,后面几段都是用“the DVDS”代指,因此本段并没出现“educational DVDs”,因此可能导致部份同学不把握,最后误选。以上是正确答案A选项的理由。

下面看其余选项为何错:

B、C:这两个选项都定位在“were tested on short-term memory brain processing speed and the ability to hear speech in noisy settings.”,这里有个关键词组“were tested on”“进行测试”,也就是说后面这些内容,并不是“措施”,而是“对上述训练措施是否有效的检测”。

定位句的意思是“那些接受训练的参与者与看了教育类DVD的参与者都接受了在嘈杂环境下对他们短期记忆、大脑处理速度和听力等方面的测试。通过这些措施,所有参与者都有所改良”。

D:本选项的定位句出现在“these measures”以后,基本上不在斟酌范围之内。

题中小词:

short-termadj.短时间的

memoryn.记忆

speechn.演讲

documented备有证明文件的

sharperadj.清晰的;锋利的;狡猾的

signaln.信号 v.发信号 adj.显著的

pick upv.捡起;学会;逮捕

respond to对...做出回应

今日训练:

Black carbon is especially damaging to frozen regionsbecause when soot falls on snow and ice it increases theamount of light and heat they absorb.The new assessment may therefore help explain why the Arctic has been melting faster than anyone had expected.The study argues that warming is likely to be especially marked in the highlatitudes of the northern hemisphere—northern CanadaAlaskanorthern Europe and Siberia.It also gives a warming that black carbonby changing regionalprecipitation(降水)patternsmay affect Asianmonsoons(季风).

Why has the Arctic been melting faster than expected?

A)Soot has much stronger damaging power

B)people play down the role of soot

C)The amount of rain increases

D)The globe is becoming warmer

答案及解析下回公布

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